The name Fairchild of this mango cultivar was given in honor of David Faichild’s family who were reported to have an appreciation for the fruit. Fairchild is said to have originated from Panama Canal Zone in the early 1900’s. It was introduced to Hawaii in 1926 from Summit Botanical Garden in Panama by Allan Bush of the University of Hawaii and it became popular for the home garden and local markets. Fairchild is grown in small commercial scale in Panama for the local market, but it has not been exported to any extent to markets of Europe and North America. In 1936. David Fairchild introduced it in Miami, Florida.
The appearance , aroma and flavor of Fairchild indicated this culture to be of Indochinese origin; however, it has a mono-embryonic seed, suggesting that it is a hybrid with germplasm from Northern India.
Fruit shape is oblong-ovoid, without a beak, typically small with an average of 200 g. Fruit surface is undulating, base is flattened, with a slender stem and a slightly oblique attachment.The fruit ripens to yellow from green, and lacks any red blush. It has dark yellow and juicy flesh, which is fiberless and has a rich and aromatic flavor. The skin is thin and tender. The fruit however lacks the color desired of some major mango cultivars . But it possesses qualities desirable for commercial production which include flavor, high yielding and disease resistance.
A Fairchild tree is moderately vigorous, with dark green foliage. The leaves are elliptic. The canopy is dense and compact and can be maintained at under 8ft. in height. It usually ripens from June to July in Florida.
Fairchild has ranked among the top five cultivars in a taste evaluation at the Fairchild International Mango Festival.